Food storage is a huge part of being prepared for an emergency, but a major component of food storage is also having an adequate water supply. While most emergency kits are equipped with a water filter that can be used if water needs to be collected from an unclean source, it is a really good idea to also store water. If a major catastrophe happens in your area, water may become a scarce commodity. Water could also be contaminated to the point that you can’t completely filter it.
The average person needs to drink ½ gallon of water every day. However, it is recommended that you store at least 1 gallon per person per day. The extra ½ gallon will go into your food preparation, daily grooming, and other activities.
It is much better to err on the side of caution and store too much water, rather than not enough. A human can only survive about a week (or less depending on the temperatures, and activity level) without water. Losing only 3% of your body’s weight due to water loss, will result in a 25% loss of function.
There are a couple of options when it comes to storing water. Perhaps the best method is to purchase commercially bottled water. If unopened and used by the expiration date then freshness is guaranteed. This is the easiest method, but may be more expensive than other methods.
You can also bottle your own water to store, which is one of the cheapest methods of water storage. Simply keep all of your plastic bottles that have been used to hold water or soda. Do not use plastic milk jugs as water storage containers, as the type of plastic used to make these absorbs some of the milk sugars and they cannot be removed.
Wash the bottles with dish soap and rinse thoroughly. Then fill the bottle with 1 quart of water and add 1 teaspoon of non-scented liquid household chlorine bleach. Put the cap on the bottle and shake it so that the sanitizing solution touches all of the inside surfaces. Empty the bottle and rinse with clean water to rid the bottle of all sanitizing solution.
Fill the bottle up with tap water. If you get your tap water from a well, or non treated source, add 2 drops of the non scented chlorine bleach to the bottle before sealing it with the sanitized cap. Do not touch the inside of the cap, or the edge of the bottle or contamination may occur. Write the date on the bottle when you seal it.
Store your water in a cool, dark place and remember to watch the expiration dates. Self-bottled water will be good for up to six months, and then should be rotated.