Complacency Can Be a Killer

While driving down a local road, I was sad to see that a long-time preparedness company had closed its doors and their store space was vacant with a “for lease” sign on the building.

As I did more research on this company and others, it was very evident that the preparedness industry has taken a real dive.  I’ve read many comments and blogs that reflect a real level of complacency and lack of concern by the previous customer base.

I wanted to share one such post regarding this issue by a concerned prepper, Frank101.

“My observation is that with the election of Trump, two odd things have happened:

1) 80% of conservatives completely stopped being attentive of world/economic conditions. In other words, the 250 trillion in U.S. liabilities does not bother them, NSA surveillance that has been ramped up during Trump is fine, the seriously overvalued stock market is now a good thing, the fragile situation in the middle east is not a concern, etc etc etc etc etc.

They’ve gone brain dead because they see Trump as their savior just as the left considered Obama to be theirs!  It’s laughable.

2) 90% of preppers are now sitting on their laurels because ‘all is well now Trump is here’.

Trump has done nothing truly substantial…..but not because he is ‘evil’ it’s because he CAN’T.

He’s only put new paint on a broken down vehicle.

Employment numbers mean nothing due to the fact that the majority of workers had to take lower paying jobs after 2008.

60% of those employed are making less than 15 bucks an hour.  It takes at least two people per household to pay the rent or mortgage… and they barely get by at that.

Personal and corporate debt are both at all-time highs! Higher than 2007!

It’s crazy how people have become pacified and dulled down to total ignorance because Trump is in.  His budget is just as bad as Obama’s was!  Idiot conservatives think that Trump can do no wrong!  Exactly as the left did with Obama!

The ship is still sinking at the same rate as it was during Obama and everyone is inside the galley eating cookies and smiling!

Insane.”

I don’t agree with everything Frank101 posted but I do believe there is some truth in what he says.  Indeed, ever since Trump was elected, the preparedness market has been heading down a dangerous slope.

I don’t believe in being a doom and gloom person, sitting on my front porch in a rocking chair with a shotgun across my lap waiting for the end to come.  I do however believe it’s important to be informed to help make the best decisions on how to provide for my family during difficult times.

A strong positive attitude based on “if ye are prepared, ye shall not fear” is also important.  I love the quote, ”Things will work out.  Keep working, praying and trying and things will work out, they always do.”

Unfortunately, it’s so easy to be complacent. To be confident or satisfied that all is well and all will be well. “It’s all good”, “chill out”, “no worries”.

A positive attitude is one thing, however complacency and letting your guard down is another. That way of thinking can be dangerous.

I know some people who are 100% optimistic, all the time, no matter what, to the extent that they’re seemingly not seeing reality. Rose colored glasses.

BALANCED OUTLOOK

It’s good to have balance. A positive outlook along with a ‘wary eye’ on reality. If you keep a wary eye on something, you are cautious while watching to see what will happen or what could happen.

WAITING UNTIL THE LAST MINUTE

It seems to be human nature to wait until the last minute. Not everyone is afflicted with this, but there’s no doubt that most are. Waiting until the last minute is especially slipshod for those who see it coming but do little or nothing until “it” is upon them. That’s called procrastination.

THERE’S PLENTY OF TIME, RIGHT?

In the context of preparedness, it’s easier to prepare for a crisis if we know that the process of getting there is going to be slow. That said, a crisis may come suddenly, unexpectedly.  It happens.

You might know or believe that a given crisis is indeed going to eventually happen but it’s going to be awhile before it hits. But then Wham! Out of nowhere ‘it’ happens. And you’re not prepared as you had planned to be.

The best and most valuable preparations are those you accomplish BEFORE crisis hits. There may be little you can do AFTER. Meaning, what you have may be all there is.

“Beaver Fever” – Avoid it like the Plague!

I’ll never forget my first backpacking trip into the Wind River mountain range of Wyoming.  It was a week long trek covering over 100 miles of the most pristine, beautiful, high-mountain trails and seldom seen or fished lakes.

I’ve never caught and released so many large rainbow trout and never lacked for my fill of trout for dinner.  Many of the lakes were tucked away in high-mountain box canyons or very remote areas where the snow never completely melts all year.  These lakes are fed by pure mountain water, mostly from the melting snow.

We didn’t give much thought or concern to purifying our drinking water as most of the time we were above the tree line and we felt comfortable the water running off the snow melt was clean and pure.

As we would hike from one lake to another, we would keep our sierra cups hooked on our belts so we could easily grab it and reach down in a stream we were crossing and get a cold drink of water.

As our backpacking trip neared its end, we began hiking at lower altitudes, down in the trees.  That’s where I was foolish enough to continue scooping water out of the streams for a quick drink.  As a result, I was contaminated with “beaver fever”, also known as Giardia, known to be especially abundant near beaver dams.

Luckily, this happened on the last day of our trip so the full effect of Giardia didn’t hit me until after I returned home.  What a blessing!  Had I experienced the full effect of Giardia in the middle of our trek, they would have had to bury me in a shallow grave along the way.

I was so sick and weak as well.  I had to crawl to the bathroom over and over again.  It was an absolutely terrible 10 days!  I never want to repeat that experience again!  Now days, I make absolutely certain I always take an approved water purifier with me whenever I hike in the mountains.  Experience is a great teacher – unfortunately, the lessons can be very costly.

What is Giardia?

Giardia lamblia is a protistan. That makes it a single-celled organism, similar in size to one of your cells. This protistan lives in the intestines of mammals. Many of the microbes that live in our guts are harmless, but this one provokes diarrhea, gassiness, and other gut malfunctions.

It not only reproduces itself in the gut, but can form cysts.  Cysts are basically the hibernating form, much tougher than the active microbe but not able to do anything until it goes active again. Giardia cysts are shed in feces, and when swallowed by a different mammal they can go active once they reach the lower gut.

Giardia can form cysts, which is an inactive form that can survive a long time in water and re-activate when it’s swallowed.

How does one get Giardia?

Drinking water with Giardia cysts is the usual way to get the infection.  Some people have gotten it by swimming in infected waters; but they were very small people and may not have been careful to not drink the water.

The insidious part of it is that it takes very little fecal contamination of water to make it infective. It can be a clear mountain stream, melting off a glacier just half a mile away, but if an infected marmot or raccoon or person pooped by the streamside last week, drinking the water may earn you a Giardia infection.

Giardia occurs in most states too. Nor is it limited to the United States; Giardia infection is one of the most common parasitic infections worldwide.

In the cyst form, it persists somewhere from months to days, depending on temperature, etc. It lasts better in cool, moist conditions.

How does one “not” get Giardia?

Consistently purifying drinking water is a great protection from Giardia. Yes, there have been cases from more casual contact, but they are far more rare.

The good news is that being a protist, Giardia is pretty big. Any filter of reasonable quality will remove it. All the other standard water purification methods such as boiling and various chemical treatments do it too. That’s no accident: Giardia is so widespread and common that you could hardly call something a general water purification method if it didn’t catch Giardia.

How do you know if someone’s got Giardia?

If a person develops yellow, bad-smelling diarrhea that is frothy (with bubbles) but without blood or mucus probably has Giardia. The diarrhea may be a constant thing or may come and go. The person’s likely to be bloated and gassy too, and the gas will smell and taste like sulfur.  Weight loss and lethargy show up after a while, to no one’s surprise.

The most reliably occurring symptoms are abdominal pain and cramping (usually without fever). Since that’s true of most gut disorders, it’s not terribly helpful for diagnosis.

Sometimes people or other animals will have and spread Giardia without showing any symptoms themselves, as well. Their immune systems are controlling it well enough to keep them functioning, but not to eliminate the parasite. Such cases are relevant because of their ability to spread the disease, and because they can develop symptoms at a later time when something else interferes with their immune systems or their gut function.

Fecal smears looking for cysts are effective and pretty easy. However, most preppers won’t have the means on hand; and due to fluxes in microbe populations and such, any given smear from an infected organism is only about 70% likely to show positive though, so persistence might be required.

What can you do about it if someone’s got Giardia?

Most doctors suggest metronidazole (trade name Flagyl). If it’s a recent infection, it’s given 3 times a day for 5 days. People over 8 yrs old get 250 mg (1 tablet) per dose; children 3-7 half that; younger children 1/4 of a tablet per dose. It’s not suitable for pregnant women, especially in the first trimester, and breastfeeding women on high doses shouldn’t give their babies their milk for 24 hrs after a dose.

Giardia infections that have lasted six months or longer should be treated with doses three times as big for 10 days; and quinacrine as well.

Quinacrine (brand name Atabrine) is another option, but not as good because it can cause headaches and vomiting. It’s given as 3 100 mg doses (1 tablet each) per day for a week. Half the dose size for children under 10. If it’s being used for the long-standing infection with the metronidazole, use the same dose but give it for 2-3 weeks.

If you don’t have these … well, the person’s immune system sometimes wins without chemical help against Giardia. Good nutrition will help.

Pets get Giardia too

Many kinds of mammals get Giardia; both suffering symptoms and spreading the microbes. Dogs and cats are at higher risk than people … ever try to stop a dog from taking a lick at a stray puddle when he’s thirsty? Cattle and other food animals also have problems with it, and it can spread very well in their shared water sources.

Symptoms in dogs are very like those in people. Treatment with metronidazole is used for dogs as well as people, and fenbendazole is used in dogs too.

The Bottom Line

Take my word for it – it’s not worth the risk.  Don’t ever drink from any mountain stream or lake without the use of a good water purifier.  Giardia is not something you ever want to get!

References

Werner, D. 2011. Where There Is No Doctor: A village health care handbook. Hesperian Health Guides, Berkely, CA. Available for download from https://theboatgalley.com/where-there-is-no-doctor-free-download/

Ventura, L. L. A., Oliveira, D. R., Viana, J. C., Santos, J. F. G., Caliari, M. V., & Gomes, M. A. (2013). Impact of protein malnutrition on histological parameters of experimentally infected animals with giardia lamblia. Experimental Parasitology, 133(4), 391.

Ehsan, M. A., Akter, M., Ahammed, M., Ali, M. A., Ahmed, M. U., Leveck, B., & Claerebout, E. (2017). prevalence and clinical importance of cryptosporidium and giardia in human and animals. Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 14(2), 109.

Ward, E. (n.d.) Giardia in dogs. VCA Animal Hospitals. https://vcahospitals.com/know-your-pet/giardia-in-dogs

CDC. 2015. Giardia & Pets. https://www.cdc.gov/parasites/giardi…trol-pets.html

 

What Happens When You Run Out?

Recently, during a strenuous long hike, I caused a stress fracture in my left foot.  It wasn’t severe enough that I couldn’t finish my hike but by the next day, it swollen and very painful.  After x-rays and the doctor’s confirmation that it was a small fracture on the outside of my foot, I was told to just try to say off of it, keep it elevated and take ibuprofen to address the pain and inflammation.

This was a real inconvenience and the pain was no fun but I knew I need to do everything I could to try and speed along the recovery process.

The ibuprofen was especially helpful when I went to bed as the pain was intense enough that it would keep me awake.  Then one night, I was in trouble.  I had run out of ibuprofen!  I tried Tylenol but it just didn’t do the trick.  I could hardly wait for my wife to go to the store the next day and pick up some more ibuprofen.

But what if the circumstances were such that there wasn’t a store to go to?  What if we didn’t have access to the typical over-the-counter medications we’ve all become so accustomed to?

Luckily, there are several alternatives to such medications that we most likely have in our kitchens or bathrooms right now.  In fact, more and more people are turning to home remedies rather than using pharmaceutical medications that may contain harmful ingredients and synthetic chemicals.

Some of these remedies might seem very strange to you, especially if you’re used to popping a pill for every ailment, but people have been using them for decades–in some cases, centuries–to great effect.

Before you laugh at these home remedies and consider those who use them crazy, try them out for yourself. You’ll quickly discover that they really work! Here’s a list of unusual remedies and how to use them.

Hydrogen Peroxide for Ear Infections

Ear infections are painful and disruptive, but hydrogen peroxide can help clear up the infection. Lie on your side and pour a cap full of hydrogen peroxide into your ear. Let it sit and bubble in your ear for 5 to 10 minutes. It feels strange, and you’ll hear popping sounds.

The popping you hear is the peroxide softening the wax and killing bacteria in your ear. Place a tissue on your ear and let the hydrogen peroxide drain out. Earwax will easily come out with a Q-tip. You can use this remedy just to clear out your extra earwax, but the hydrogen peroxide works quickly to remove any bacteria or stop a virus from growing.

Lemon Balm Tea for Cold Sores

Lemon balm contains antiviral properties that can help cure cold sores that are caused by the herpes virus. You can make lemon balm at home with some dried lemon balm.

All you need to do is add 2 to 4 TBSP of dried lemon balm herb to a cup of boiling water. Let it cool a bit, and then dab the cotton ball into the tea. Apply it to your cold sore several times per day.

Sugar for Hiccups

Hiccups aren’t bad for you, but they’re really annoying! They’re caused by a spasm in your diaphragm. A simple, but unusual, home remedy is to swallow a teaspoon of sugar.

Scientists don’t know exactly why this works so well, but it’s speculated that sugar affects the vagus nerve which connects your brain and stomach, stopping the diaphragm from spasming. Now every time you get the hiccups, you’ll have an excuse to eat pure sugar!

Yogurt for Bad Breath

Halitosis is the official name for bad breath, and no one enjoys it. Believe it or not, the cure isn’t chewing on a pack of gum – it’s yogurt. You need at least two servings per day of yogurt because it contains probiotics, but make sure you purchase yogurt that doesn’t contain sugar.

Eating yogurt will change the environment on your tongue so that bad bacteria doesn’t continue to grow and stink.

Baking Soda for UTIs

Urinary tract infections (UTI) are painful, and it’s best to cure them sooner rather than later. A UTI can turn into a bladder infection. Baking soda is a home remedy because it makes the bladder environment more alkaline, which prevents bacteria from multiplying.

Simply mix 1/4 TSP of baking soda into an 8-ounce glass of water. Drink this solution as soon as you notice the starting symptoms of a UTI.

Olives or Lemons for Motion Sickness

Motion sickness, or any nausea, leads to the extra production of saliva, which makes you feel even more nauseous. If you notice motion sickness, eat a few olives.

It works because the tannins in the olives stop nausea by drying out your mouth. Lemons are a quick fix for motion sickness as well.

Olive Oil for Eczema

Eczema can cause you to itch and feel uncomfortable, and it can flare up anywhere on your body, even your hands! Olive oil is an ingredient in many skin creams and products, and it’s full of antioxidants.

All you have to do is rub the olive oil on the area of your body with the eczema flare up. Olive oil is wonderful for many ailments.

Chocolate for a Cough

Finally, a reason to eat more chocolate! Dark chocolate can help you stop coughing if you’re having a coughing spell.

2 ounces of dark chocolate contains theobromine, the same ingredient found in OTC cough medicines. Theobromine relaxes the nerves that are responsible for the cough reflex.

Garlic for Allergies

Garlic is one of those things every home remedist knows is a godsend. Instead of using OTC antihistamine medication, you can use garlic to eat and cure up allergy problems.

It works because garlic contains a lot of the antioxidant quercetin, which is said to reduce allergy symptoms. Onions work as well.

Cloves for Cuts

Cloves are a fantastic home remedy for tooth pain, but did you know that cloves can help heal cuts and skin wounds?  Sprinkling clove powder over the cut can stop the spread of bacteria.

Another option is to apply clove oil to the wound. This remedy works because clove oil has high levels of eugenol, which is pain-relieving and has antiseptic properties.

Honey for Chapped Lips

Raw honey belongs in every home remedy kit because it contains dozens of healing properties. If your lips are chapped, don’t turn to Chapstick! Instead, dab a bit of raw honey on the chapped area.

Make sure you rub it on just like you would Chapstick. It will nourish and hydrate your lips, plus everyone loves the taste of honey. Make sure the honey you select is raw and organic.

Duct Tape for Warts

Wrapping warts in duct tape is one of the best ways to get rid of them.  Make sure you clean the area well and put a slightly bigger piece of duct tape over the wart.

Remove the tape every three days. Remove any dead skin with a nail file or pumice stone. Keep repeating this procedure until the warts are gone.

Vinegar for Swimmer’s Ear

Ear problems can ruin your day because the pain radiates into your jaw and throughout your entire head. You will want to get rid of swimmer’s ear quickly. An old home remedy for swimmer’s ear is to put a drop or two of vinegar into your ear.

Grandma will swear to you that this remedy works because the acidic properties inside of vinegar can kill off the bacteria inside your ear. To use this remedy, you need to dilute white vinegar in distilled water. Then, add three drops into the ear giving you problems three times per day.

Pine Syrup for Sore Throats

Making pine syrup is easy, and it works wonders for sore throats. All you need to do is gather up a cup of freshly-washed pine needles and blend them. While you’re doing that, boil some water, corn syrup, and a bit of salt. Mix in the needles and let them steep for a few hours.

Make sure to keep it in the fridge for at least a month. Then, you will have it when you need it.

Beets for Constipation

You’re probably thinking this remedy seems a bit far out there, but give it a try. Take some fresh beets and steam them. Then, eat them when you feel constipated. Don’t drain the water you used to steam the beets. Instead, drink the water because it contains vitamins that help your body process out the waste.

Just be aware that it’s possible your urine or stools may turn bright red. That can be scary if you aren’t expecting it! It’s nothing to worry about; it’s just the natural dyes in beets.

Toothpaste for Bug Bites

Bug bites are itchy and annoying. One simple home remedy is to put a small amount of toothpaste onto the bug bite. Toothpaste has a cooling effect because of the peppermint oil that lessens the pain and inflammation. You can also try applying peppermint oil to the bug bite if you don’t want to use toothpaste.

Unusual home remedies are worth a try, especially because you’re used to pharmaceutical medications. These remedies might seem strange, but they work really well!

Survival Knowledge – Skinning and Gutting a Rabbit

Over the years, our family’s hunting traditions have morphed into a grand gathering of our extended family for a three day event we refer to as the “Shoot Out”.  We typically schedule this event towards the end of September and meet at our favorite spot – a large meadow in a very remote area of the Manti-La Sal National Forest.  This meadow sits at an altitude of about 9,500 feet and is the perfect location to camp, ride motorcycles and four wheelers and target practice.

We typically bring every firearm we own as well as model rockets, potato and flare guns and have a blast shooting targets, going on rides, eating great food and telling stories around the campfire.

There are times when I gotten up in the middle of the night (when nature calls) and sat by the coals of our fire and spent extended periods of time just gazing up at the unbelievable wonders of the heavens.  Seeing a sky so full of bright stars and the Milky Way so clearly – a sight most of us don’t have the opportunity to see if we live near a big city.

Typically, we have about 25 to 30 of us who show up for the annual Shoot Out and have on occasion invited some of our wives to attend.  We haven’t had too many takers.  Two of my sisters wanted to come but after their first time, never wanted to return.  I guess there’s just too much testosterone at this event.

Our younger boys like to go rabbit and squirrel hunting.  These are boys ranging from eight to twelve years old.  They take their BB guns and pretend they are mighty hunters.  We have a rule in our family – no sport killing.  If you shoot an animal, you eat it.

This rule is always readily agreed to when they ask permission to go hunting as a group but when it comes down to actually consuming their game, it’s often a different story.

I have a son-in-law who is our official trainer when it comes to teaching the boys how to properly gut and skin a squirrel or rabbit.  Some of the boys are a little squeamish when it comes to this part of the experience, nevertheless, it’s an important step in assuring the meat is not wasted.

Then comes the exercise of cooking the critter over an open fire.  Learning how to properly cook the meat without turning it into a crispy charcoal mess takes some practice.  Then properly seasoning the meat and actually eating it is always a funny experience to watch for the first-timers.

This is knowledge that will prove very valuable in the event circumstances require us to live off the land or raise our own meat.  It would be wonderful if it was possible for us all to have access to enough land and resources to raise a few cows and pigs and some chickens, but in most cases, that’s just not an option for most of us.

Raising guinea pigs or rabbits in a portable hutch is far more practical and could provide the protein we need to feed our families in a crisis.  Since most of us are more familiar with rabbits, lets talk about how to skin and gut a rabbit.

Rabbits are a great source of protein. Unlike beef and chicken, they aren’t pumped full of antibiotics. Rabbits eat fresh greens generally. They reproduce extremely quickly ensuring your food source in well stocked. Skinning and preparing rabbits can be a challenge, follow these simple steps to help it go smoother. The fresher the rabbit, the easier skinning will be. Allowing the rabbit to decompose could taint the meat so it is important to skin and gut the rabbit right away.

Materials

Large sharp knife
Flat work surface

Steps

Place the rabbit on a flat surface on its belly

Pinch the hide near the neck and cut all the way around the neck

Cut from the stomach to the neck, careful not to puncher the stomach as the juices could contaminate the meat

Create an opening by pulling the skin away from the meat with your index and middle finger

Hold the carcass by the hide legs and pull the skin off like you would remove a pair of pants

Pull the upper part of the skin towards the base of the skull

Cut the head and tail off

Cut off the feet at the ankle

Make a cut near the pelvis

Place a finger on either side of the knife

Lift the skin and cut towards the head, careful not to cut deep enough to pierce the stomach

Cut the rib cage open

Pull out the organs in one motion starting under the rib cage and pulling towards the pelvis

Set aside the kidneys, liver, and heart. They can be eaten, it’s a matter of personal taste. Avoid eating the liver if it looks discolored. This is could be a sign of a sick rabbit.

Cut through the pelvis and rinse out any droppings that remain

Wash the rabbit with clean water to ensure fur, blood, and droppings are cleaned off

Remove the silver skin or thin layer of fat from the entire rabbit

Cut just under the shoulder blades to remove the front legs

Cut against the rabbit’s loin and down the rib cage to remove the meat from the belly

Use a sharp knife to cut through the hip joint to remove the back legs

Fillet the back and ribs, do not cut meat off the rib cage, cut away from the spine and ribs

Save the neck, rib cage, and pelvis to make rabbit stock

Cut the rabbit into more manageable sections for cooking or storage

There are several good videos on YouTube that will show you step by step how to skin and gut a rabbit as well.  If it’s your first time, I highly recommend you take the time to watch several videos before you try your first rabbit.

Taking the time to actually practice this method BEFORE you’re desperate will go a long ways in building confidence and preventing unnecessary mistakes.

Know Your Surroundings

As we play out in our minds possible scenarios of how and when we may need to fall back on our preps, it’s often the case that we take for granted the “where”.  I think most of us assume we will be at our current residence with familiar surroundings.  That may or may not be the case.

Not really knowing and understanding the lay of the land where we currently live can create real problems at a time when the last thing you need is more problems.  This became evident to me just the other day when a road construction detour forced me to take a road I’d never been on.  Keep in mind, I’ve lived in my small town for almost 30 years and thought I was pretty familiar with the surrounding neighborhoods.  Not the case – I ended up driving through a neighborhood I had no idea even existed.

I think all of us are so used to our daily routine of where we go and drive the same routes that we end up not really knowing the details of where we live.  This could be especially important in the event of a necessary evacuation.  Take the time now to drive the roads you’ve never been on and take note of  the details that may or may not be helpful in time of need.  If you know your region before the event occurs, you’ll have a far better chance of surviving it.

After you establish your prepping priorities, the next step would be to predict the best course of action for you and your family, before disaster strikes. For example, would bugging-in be an option for your family? Will you be forced to move to a safer location? If so, which route will be the safest and do you have all the supplies to make the journey, even if there are delays?

All these questions can be answered if you know your region and it will help you reduce the “unknown” factor. If you are forced to find refuge in your local wilderness, it is important that you know what resources are available and how to find them. Even more important, you should know how to avoid the dangers within your region.

Here is what you should know about your region before disaster strikes:

Vegetation

Many plants have the ability to save your life in an emergency situation. However, they can also put you in an early grave if not researched carefully. Without taking the time to practice plant identification, you will easily confuse the plants that can save your life with the ones that can have an adverse effect. You should start by learning which plants from your region will be of help during a survival scenario and which one you should avoid.

Edible plants

Some of the plants from your region can provide you with the vitamins and nourishment you need to survive when food is scarce. You should discover which edible roots, flowers, berries or grasses grow in your part of the country and how to safely prepare and eat them.

Medicinal plants

A doctor may not always be around and proper healthcare will be difficult to find during a crisis event. Fortunately, you have a bio pharmacy in your region and nature can provide you with all sorts of cures. From headaches, to sore throats and even blood clotting, nature has a solution for everything. There are all sorts of plants that can heal minor ailments and injuries. You just need to know how to identify and use them.

Poisonous plants

Touching the wrong plant or ingesting the wrong berries can easily seal your fate. While some will make you ill and incapacitate you for a long period of time, others will leave you cold for good. Before you go out foraging for edible and medicinal plants, you should learn about the plants you have to avoid. Making a positive identification before usage is the number one skill of every forager. If you are in doubt, leave it be!

Natural water sources

While water might not seem a primary concern when disaster strikes, it can become a major hassle if the event is not a short-term one. Many survivalists and preppers, have a good supply of water and various means to purify the water they find, if they are able to find it. You should know all the available water sources from your region. It will help you restock your water supplies and it will provide you with an understanding of the disaster’s gravity.

If there is only one major water source, there will be a lot of competition for it. You need to make sure you are able to deal with “competition”. If there are multiple water sources, you should try the smaller ones in order to stay out of sight. Weather conditions play an important role in your region and they will increase or decrease your chances of finding water.

Animals

When hunger is becoming your mortal enemy, finding an animal in the wilderness is a true blessing. Each hunter knows that it is important to learn about the animals from the region. This helps you figure out which can be eaten and which will eat you. Every region has an ideal prey that is good for consumption.  The trick is to learn which ones in your area are the easiest to find.

You might not have a rifle available or you will have to avoid using it due to various circumstances. It is crucial to know various hunting techniques. You also need to learn about the right way to cook them because prey might be different from what you buy at the grocery store.

Your food list will include mammals, reptiles, insects and everything in between when your food supplies run out. Predators can be found in your region as well. You need to know what deadly beasts might be on your trail.

Every region has its dangerous animals and an encounter with a bear or a mountain lion is not a pleasant experience. Not to mention that there are also the sneaky, stealthier ones like spider and snakes. You should educate yourself about how to handle the dangerous animals that can be found in your region.

Building materials

If your bug out location was not designed for long-term living, you might need to build something that provides you with comfort and protection. To do that, you will need to rely on using the natural materials from your region.

Building a shelter is not easy without the proper tools and materials. Time might not be on your side and you need to know beforehand which materials are available. You have to practice how to use them properly and what tools you need to get the job done. The resources from your area will have to be exploited to create shelters, tools and weapons if the crisis event extends over a few weeks/months.

Escape routes on foot

If you need to bug out from your region you will need to learn about the escape routes you have and how to use them. You will use a vehicle for the most part of the road, but eventually, you will have to continue on foot. Regardless if you are in the city or in a rural environment, you will have to flee on foot at some point in time.

Do you know enough about your area in order to make sure you make it to your safe heaven by foot? If you have a long journey ahead, you will need to plan a bug out timeline and stick to it. Think about if you need to cache some supplies along the way. You will need a meeting spot for your family member and other local friendlies.

We prepare for the worst and hope for the best, but that’s not enough. Emergency preparedness requires planning and prioritization, and it is not just a shopping spree as many tend to believe. Studying the details of your home region will give you a better chance of surviving a crisis event. It will keep your loved ones safe during an emergency situation.

Hurricane Preparedness Resources

I had an interesting phone conversation this morning with a woman who lives near the coast of North Carolina.  Hurricane Florence is headed right for them and she was really beginning to panic.

I have had conversations with her in the past regarding her family’s preparedness and she had expressed to me a desire to acquire more food storage and emergency supplies.  Unfortunately, there were other things in her life that distracted her from moving forward and procrastination got the best of her.

As I talked with her, I could sense a real fear as well as regret that she hadn’t taken action sooner to prepare as now, it was too late to do much at all.  I sincerely wish I could have helped her but it just wasn’t possible this late in the game.

Florence is moving westward and has become a powerful CAT 4 hurricane. Satellite images show that the distinct eye has warmed in the center, with convection increasing in the eyewall during the past several hours.  The hurricane is moving over progressively warmer waters over the next couple of days, with water temperatures peaking near 85F… meaning…. Florence should continue to strengthen.

If you are located on the East coast anywhere between SC and VA, NOW IS CRUNCH TIME!

In a disaster situation, you want to be a spectator, not a participant.  If you are a participant, you will either be a victim, or a survivor with an unpleasant story to tell.

Avoid being one of those individuals appearing on national news with matted hair and dirty clothes crying, “Where is FEMA?”

Foremost, now is the time to be considering an evacuation plan.  Sit with the family, makes your calls and lock in a place to stay inland if the need arises.

Next, now is also the time to be considering what prep materials and actions will be needed at your home or place of business if the weather system ultimately targets your location.

PREPAREDNESS CONSIDERATIONS

The key categories you should consider are as follows:

●   Food and Water
●   First Aid Medications
●   Power Needs
●   Tools and Supplies
●   Special Requirements (Baby, Elderly, Pets)
●   Important Documents
●   Cash
●   Fuel

INFORMATION RESOURCES

National Hurricane Center – Florence Page

https://www.nhc.noaa.gov/#Florence

NOTES ABOUT NHC MAPS AND INFORMATION PRODUCTS

This year, the National Hurricane Center (NHC) is making changes to maps and other products to help improve communication to the public, including where a tropical system is headed and what impacts it may bring.

1) When the NHC issues a track for a tropical system, the map includes what is known as the cone of uncertainty.

Beginning this hurricane season, the cone will be smaller than it has been in past years. This will give the public a better idea of where the center of the storm is headed in the coming days.

2) In 2017, the NHC introduced an experimental map to help convey to the public when strong winds would arrive at a given location.

Beginning this hurricane season, the NHC has decided to make these maps fully operational.  Get used to them.  They can be very helpful.

3) It is standard for the NHC to issue a public advisory that includes information about all aspects of the storm, such as current winds, expected storm surge and the precise location of the system’s center. In past years, these advisories only discussed the given tropical system for the next two days, limiting the amount of log-range details about the storm.

Beginning this hurricane season, these advisories will contain information that talks about hazards as far as five days in advance.

myFOXHurricane
At the link below, press the play button to view an animation of the movement of Florence over the next few days as predicted by NOAA’s Global Forecast System (GFS) model.
http://www.myfoxhurricane.com/gfs.html

Hurricane Spaghetti Models, Maps, Radar, and Imagery
http://spaghettimodels.com
https://www.cyclocane.com/florence-storm-tracker/

Ventusky Storm System Visualization
https://www.ventusky.com

Sector Radar Loops
https://radar.weather.gov

RECOVERY AND DISASTER ASSISTANCE

 Red Cross
https://www.redcross.org/get-help/di…n-shelter.html

DHS / FEMA
https://www.fema.gov/disaster-recovery-centers
https://www.disasterassistance.gov/

FEMA Mobile App
FEMA has made available a free mobile app for Apple and Android devices with tools and tips to keep you safe before, during, and after disasters, including the location of shelters. The app is available for Apple devices via the iTunes store and Android devices via the Google Play Store.

Info via SMS
To search for open shelters: text SHELTER and a Zip Code to 43362 (4FEMA) .

To search for open Disaster Recovery Centers, text: DRC and a Zip Code to 43362 (4FEMA) .

Pet Friendly Evacuation Shelters for Hurricane Florence
https://www.bringfido.com/hurricane/

Please share this information with friends and family.  There will be many who will b impacted by Francine who may find these resources helpful.

Treating Wounds without Antibiotics

Should the time come that requires evacuating one’s home for an extended period of time and living off-grid, there are a myriad of potential health issues that could become as deadly as any gunshot or knife wound.  One of the greatest killers of all time is that resulting from untreated infections.

It’s hard to imagine with today’s medical treatments, medicines and antibiotics that basic wound infections could be any kind of threat.  But, remove your access to such treatments and antibiotics, a simple cut on your hand or leg, once it becomes infected, can kill.

Penicillin was discovered by Scottish chemist Alexander Fleming in 1928.  It’s estimated that penicillin has save the lives of more than 200 million across the globe.  It saved the lives of 12 to 15 percent of Allied Forces during WWII.  Since that time there have been many additional antibiotics discovered that have equally saved the lives of many hundreds of millions around the world.

So what does one do when antibiotics are not available?  Are there any alternative treatment methods that could save lives and eradicate wound infections?

Treating wounds using alternative healing methods will become a vital skill when there is no doctor around.  Besides providing you with the much-needed food, your pantry also holds two items that will help you treat wounds:  honey and sugar.  These two ingredients are beneficial for cleansing and healing traumatic wounds.  Treating wounds with honey and sugar is an ancient method of healing that has been tested over time.  The ancient Egyptians were the first to document this process.  The healing proprieties of sugar and honey are mentioned even in the Bible, Koran and Torah.

People around the world have used honey and sugar to cleanse and heal traumatic wounds; in particular gunshot wounds and battle injuries where a loss of flesh leads to infections.

How does honey and sugar work for treating wounds?

Sugar is a short chain, soluble carbohydrate composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.  It has many names and it’s also known as glucose, dextrose, fructose, galactose, sucrose, maltose, and lactose.  Sugar has high osmolality, and it’s able to draw fluid out of the wound.  It reduces water content in the injury and inhibits the growth of bacteria.  It is also helpful in removing dead tissue while preserving the tissue that is still alive.

Honey is a viscous, hyper-saturated sugar solution made from 75-80 percent sugar and 20 percent water.  It is very effective at killing staphylococci, including the community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, within a few hours.  Honey also has anti-inflammatory activity and its ability to absorb water provides antiseptic action.  Scientists believe that the healing proprieties of honey are derived from its ability to produce hydrogen peroxide from the glucose oxidase enzyme found in its composition.

Treating wounds step by step

You first have to make sure the wound has stopped bleeding and that it’s very clean.  Cayenne pepper can be applied to stop the bleeding, but I must warn you that it will sting like hell.  You will then have to clean the wound with a mild soap and warm water or a saline solution.  Pat the area dry until there is no moisture inside the wound.  Honey and sugar react and bind with calcium and if calcium is not available because of bleeding, no clot can form.

Pour granulated sugar directly on the wound and make sure it gets down as deep into the wound as possible.  The sugar shouldn’t just be sprinkled on the surface and outer rim of the wound. If the wound is too large, you need to apply honey first and then add sugar on top (you can mix sugar and honey until you make a thick paste).

Cover the wound with a clean bandage and secure it with tape. The dressing will prevent the honey and sugar from leaking out and it will keep the wound protected from external debris and bacteria.

Change the bandage and repeat the cleaning and sugar application once a day. You will have to do it more than once per day when you notice the bandages are wet from the removed fluid.

Alternative to using honey and sugar

Although there are many reasons one should store honey, the chances are that not everyone has this fantastic food at hand. There is an alternative to honey for treating wounds and it involves using cooking oil.

You will need to combine three parts of powdered sugar and one part of cooking oil and mix the ingredients until the mixture is uniformly smooth.  A thick layer (1/2 inch) of this mix will have to be applied directly to the wound. This alternative works just as well and science backs it up.

Sugar will dehydrate all bacteria and prevent it from reproducing.  If the bacteria die, no infection can occur.  The oil coats the outer bacterial membrane and prevents water and foodstuff from entering the cell.  It also prevents egress of cellular waste products.  As a result, the bacterial cell withers and dies.

A few words of advice:

1)  CAUTION – This is a homemade remedy.  Therefore I recommend you should research anything you read.  You will be assured of its use and the accuracy of the information provided.

2)  Commercial honey is not as effective at treating wounds as raw honey.

3)  If you apply cayenne pepper to the wound to stop bleeding, be prepared to experience pain.  It does sting and some people cannot tolerate this pain.

4)  Manuka honey is the best type of honey that one can store and it’s even being used by the New Zealand army forces.

5)  You should avoid using this treatment for infants as they can develop botulism from honey.

Mixed together, honey and sugar or sugar and cooking oil can provide a healing alternative that is available for anyone.  The paste resulting from mixing these ingredients can be applied directly to an open wound.  It is a healing method guaranteed to stave off infection and hasten the healing process. This healing method has been used for centuries and it won’t fail you when the need arises.

Source:  http://prepperswill.com/treating-wounds-with-honey-and-sugar-an-easy-healing-method/

Do Animals Know Something We Don’t?

I find it quite interesting, even entertaining at times, how some groups get all worked up over very minor changes in our climate.  It’s as if a half a degree rise in temperature over the last 100 years somehow is both our fault and catastrophic as well.  There are natural cycles that have occurred and will continue to occur for as long as the earth will exist.

The thought that the world population is significant enough to somehow affect the climate is very hard to imagine.  Yes, there are a lot of people on this planet but relative to the size of the earth, not that many.  In fact, if you took all 7 Billion of the world’s population, they would fit in the state of Hawaii – not shoulder to shoulder but each on 25 square feet of space.

So yes, the world’s population can indeed affect specific areas and regions of the earth but there is an ebb and flow on our planet and no matter what we humans do, we are subject to that cycle.  Now, it’s not one simple cycle that we must deal with.  Instead, there are a vast number of cycles on this planet that affect habitability.

One cycle is the rotation of the earth itself and the correlation between it and seismic activity.

Scientists have warned there could be a big increase in the number of devastating earthquakes around the world next year.  They believe variations in the speed of Earth’s rotation could trigger intense seismic activity, particularly in heavily populated tropical regions.

With all this science and intelligence on our changing planet it seems we have muddied our own natural survival instincts.  Did you know that there are signals given off by our planet to warn us of impending disasters?

We have so wrapped ourselves in distractions that we cannot take advantage of these signals with our physical body.  Animals still react to these signals though, and while we have muted our own senses, we can rely on theirs as a natural ‘tell’ for what’s coming.

The Earth’s Natural Signals

There are many ways that our planet and its atmosphere convey approaching disasters and changes in the weather.  Some of these signals can be measured by sophisticated human instruments, but they are also picked up and acted on in the animal world.

One of the most well-known is barometric pressure.  You probably hear about this on the nightly news. Barometric pressure drops as storms approach.  This is how animals know things like major storms and hurricanes are nearing.  Hydrostatic pressure is similar, but affects the water pressure, and this is what sends fish to deeper water when the pressure drops enough.

Lesser known but just as important, infrasonic impulses are another sign the earth gives us.  These low vibrations are emitted by natural disasters and can be early warnings for tidal waves, earthquakes or even volcanic eruptions.  They all send the same message to animals that can sense them – trouble is coming.

Animal Signals

There must have been a time when we were just as perceptive as the animals on this planet, since we have lost much of that ability.  Here are some signs and signals that you can observe from the animals around you that may clue you in to when a serious situation is heading your way.

Remember, we may not always have the weatherman to tell us when a massive hurricane is bearing down – but who needs a weatherman when animals give clear signals that trouble is coming?

The Birds and the Bees

Both of these animals are going to seek shelter if a disaster is imminent.  You could watch your own bees or bees from another area head into their hive.  Bees will take shelter before disaster.  Birds may also be migrating in a new pattern before a serious storm.  Birds typically fly south in the winter and north in the summer.  Use this information to look for strange migration patterns.

Henry Streby of the University of California, Berkeley, and his colleagues discovered that golden-winged warblers take off from their expected locations more than 24 hours before storms hit.  In this case, the storm in question produced tornadoes that killed at least 35 people.

On the Water

A lot of fish behavior can tell you about what’s coming.  It’s a great fishing trick to get out on the water just before a storm.  The coming front often turns fish on and makes them aggressive.  When the storm is very close the fish can shut down.  Jumping fish can be a sign of electric impulses in the air and water, or even of pressure changes.

Frogs often head for higher ground, and can actually be seen climbing away from water bodies, before storms.  They will also get quieter at night.

Down on the Farm

It is common for cows and other herd animals to head for higher ground before a storm.  They sense the same pressure changes we discussed earlier.  Horses and other pets might refuse food as well as exhibit agitated behavior.  Chickens also feel the threat, and can slow or stop egg production as a result.

Man’s Best Friend

Dogs become agitated and aggressive before a natural disaster.  They may bark more and be more anxious before a major weather event or other disaster.  They could be wary of certain locations in the yard or on walks that they normally frequent.

Some scientists think dogs and other animals can sense the preliminary waves that signal an earthquake ahead of the destructive seismic waves.  Humans can’t detect P-waves, but most animals have more acute senses than we do.

Picking up on how your dogs are acting can give you last-minute warning of an earthquake.  You might not get a lot of warning, but it could be all you need to run outside where it’s safer.

Dogs are one of the best examples because you can observe them very closely for strange behavior.

A few other strange animal behaviors that could signal disaster are things like:

●  Bats flying during the day;

●  Lady bugs gather just before a heat wave;

●  Monkeys can refuse food and become very agitated before a disaster.  This is also true of human babies.

●  Elephants have been seen to head for higher ground before a tsunami strikes.  Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes, so it’s likely the elephants are picking up warning signs of the seismic shock.

A mixture of our pompous attitude towards our short-lived dominance of the earth, and an overwhelming reliance on technology, has put us at greater risk of falling victim to major disasters.  We do silly things like filming tornadoes and storms rather than seeking shelter.  We rely solely on the news to tell us when things are going wrong.

Of course, the biggest failure that has come from our muting of the earth’s warnings is our lack of preparedness.  While animals stow away food for the winter and head to higher ground in times of disaster, the human animal is so bold that we hardly react till disaster is on the doorstep.

It is this terrifying lack of preparedness that forces so many of us to be the antithesis.  Preppers use this unique time of massive technological advantage and resource access to build powerful systems that help them survive anything from a powerful thunderstorm to the world-changing disasters that will come.

Sources:  https://www.overpopulationmyth.com/7-Billion-Alpha-USStates.html?185,232

www.askaprepper.com/how-to-understand-the-signals-from-animals-just-before-a-natural-disaster-strikes/

Did Hollywood Get it Right?

I came across an interested video clip on YouTube recently that I found quite entertaining.  My wife didn’t think so and I know there are those of you who after watching this video will also question how I could enjoy watching such events.  Nevertheless, I’ve always enjoyed seeing Hollywood’s depictions of end-times scenarios.  I get a kick out of seeing just how overwhelmingly devastating they can create each scene with the aid of today’s super CG effects.  It really is quite amazing and realistic.

This video has taken clips from twelve such movies and put them together.  There’s very little voice-over during the video, but the first sentence you’ll hear is what I would classify as a very accurate statement.  Something I struggle with constantly and wish I had the answer to.  A young girl is heard saying, Everyone was warned, but no one listened.  A rise in temperature, ocean patterns changed and ice caps melted.  They called it extreme weather.  They didn’t know what extreme was.  In the year 2019, hurricanes, tornadoes, floods and droughts unleashed a wave of destruction upon our planet.”

First of all, based on many of these clips, living near a coastline doesn’t appear to be the safest place to reside.  That solar flare deal didn’t look too appealing as well.  Not sure where you could find safely in a situation like that!

But back to the underlying reason I wanted to share this video.  I believe that such movies actually have the opposite effect you may think on the surface.  One might think that the viewers would be incentivized to evaluate their preparedness levels and possibly commit to doing better to be prepared to confront and mitigate the effects of such devastations.

I believe it does just the opposite.  I believe such movies, in spite of their entertainment value, have a tendency to marginalize such potential events.  In the movies, these events are depicted on such a grandiose scale that it becomes very easy for viewers to believe such events will never really happen – it’s just the movies.  These events appear so over-the-top on the reality scale that’s it’s somewhat like old time cartoons where one character is constantly being shot, blown up, smashed or thrown over a cliff just to reappear in the next scene as if nothing ever happened.

That’s the underlining problem – these films foster the belief that such things will never really happen.

So such movies simply turn potential future events into a wild roller coaster ride that temporarily scare and excite the riders.  Then it is all quickly forgotten as other interesting and distracting activities present themselves. Nevertheless, I hope Hollywood keeps making such films – I really enjoy them!

Now let me be clear – I personally don’t believe that such major natural disasters will present themselves in the manner depicted in these films.  If they did, there would be basically no need to prepare as everyone would be totally wiped out.  I do believe however, the frequency and magnitude of earthquakes, tsunamis, tornadoes, hurricanes, floods and droughts will increase.

It’s been concerning to watch the increase of wildfires this summer.  I can’t remember a time when there’s been so many large and devastating wildfires in the western states.  California alone has had 18 such wildfires with many deaths of fire fighters reported along with millions of dollars of property damage and loss.

I believe such events will become more and more prevalent.  Even though I don’t believe California will fall off into the Pacific Ocean as a result of a major earthquake, I do believe earthquakes will present themselves is a fashion that could cause power, gas and water disruption for many weeks or months.  The same could happen with hurricanes and tornadoes as well.

What if the water lines had been broken or the water supply contaminated, how would you survive?

Just think about what it might be like if you couldn’t flush your toilet for a month.  What would you do?

Once the shelves have been cleaned out at the local grocery store, where are you going to go to feed your family?

If there’s a medical emergency and calling 911 or heading to the hospital isn’t an option, are you prepared to provide the medical care needed?

I’ve talked with people who have the attitude of “just let me die” or put the target on the roof of my house so if bombs are dropped, one will fall directly on me and I won’t have to deal with the aftermath.  I do believe there are those who are serious about choosing death over tribulation.  But when it comes right down to it, I also believe the overwhelming desire to survive will trump such feelings.  That’s why water-boarding is so effective.  People will do anything to avoid the feeling of drowning.

The facts are that most of us will survive the initial effects of natural disasters or other catastrophic events.  The question of survival really hangs on how long after the event we will survive.  When food, water, shelter and medical supplies are limited in supply or are used up in the first few weeks – then what?

Military experts in the field of a potential EMP attack (electromagnetic pulse caused by a nuclear explosion at high altitudes) have calculated that within one year after the national grid goes down, 80% of the U.S. population would have perished, primarily due to starvation.  It wasn’t the EMP that killed them, it was being unprepared for the after-effects.

So it will be for the majority of natural disasters, wars, conflicts and collapse scenarios – the events themselves will indeed cause much damage and some deaths but it’s the weeks and months thereafter that will prove far more catastrophic in deaths and disease due to basic unpreparedness.

So please, enjoy Hollywood’s end-of-the-world movies but view them as entertainment, not accurate predictions of how things will unfold in the last days.  Yes, things will continue to get worse and more problematic as it relates to our day to day lives.  It may unfold like the old fable of how to boil a frog.  If you put the frog in cool water to keep him from jumping out and slowly turn up the temperature, eventually the frog will get cooked, simply because he becomes comfortable and complacent with his surroundings until it’s too late.

Let’s not be like the frog, let’s allow ourselves to be uncomfortable enough to take action now before such action is no longer an option.  Remember the statement, “Everyone was warned but no one listened.”  Let’s both listen and then act.

Surviving a Dog Attack

My wife has had several encounters with attacking dogs.  She likes to walk/run early in the morning and has had the unfortunate experiences of dogs coming after her during her exercise.  She’s had two little yapper dogs attack her.  While one distracted her, the other came up from behind and bit her ankle.

She had a very scary experience while visiting our family in Washington.  While walking through a neighborhood, a large dog ran after her and tried to take her down.  He bit her several times mostly just tearing her clothes.  My wife ran to the door of one of the nearby houses pounding and screaming for help.  It just happened to be the owners of the dog and they were able to control him and then acted like it was no big deal.  Needless to say, my wife is now very aware of the potential dangers of lose dogs roaming the neighborhood.

Later that week, my wife came across an older man walking through the neighborhood carrying a large walking stick.  He chatted with my wife and mentioned how dogs were a real problem in the area and he kept this large walking stick with him as a weapon to fend off dog attacks.

Dog attacks are far more frequent that one might think.  In fact, the CDC documents just under 5 million dog bites annually in the United States.  Over 800,000 of dog bite victims annually will require medical attention, nearly 400,000 of those victims are children.  Up to as many as 34 people have died annually as a result of a dog bite.  Even with the laws today about leashing your dog, there are still plenty of dogs that run free no matter where you live.

Though you can be attacked by a dog on any day, think of what will happen to dogs if there’s a major collapse and food becomes scarce.  Many dogs will be left behind when their owners die or when their owners leave in a panic in an attempt to save themselves and their children.  Other dogs, who may have been strays but were being fed at least occasionally by the kindness of strangers, will now be left to find their own food.

What You Need to Know

Upon initial confrontation, all dogs want to know three things, who you are, why you are in their space, and who is in charge.  Knowing how to act when confronted by a dog may be the one thing that can prevent the dog from attacking you or at least minimize your injuries.

There are two positions an aggressive dog can take, offense or defense.  A dog that feels threatened will growl and bark while moving away from you.  If this is happening, he is hoping you will also move away.  A dog that is tense with their ears flat against their head is definitely not happy with you.

Dogs will bite for many reasons, but typically they bite in reaction to stress or because they feel threatened or cornered, and scared.  A dog that isn’t feeling well or is surprised can bite.  Dogs bite to protect themselves, their owners, or their puppies.

Tips for Dealing with a Strange Dog That Approaches You

Stand still and stand up straight, keeping your eyes on the dog at all times.  Remain calm.  Try firmly telling the dog to sit or stay.  Slowly step backwards away from the dog.

Talk in a gentle, soothing voice.  Turn to stay facing the dog if he circles you.  Do not let him get behind you.  Do not shout.  Limit your body movements and keep your arms down at your sides.

In a closed space, never make a dog feel cornered!  Gaze at a spot on the dog’s body but not in their eyes.

A dog that appears aggressive is NOT trying to scare you away. They are issuing a challenge for you to come closer or run away so they can chase you down.  Smiling at a dog and baring your teeth can actually be seen as aggression by the dog.

Typically, wild dogs by themselves will shy away from humans, they are simply looking for food.  But in a collapse scenario, wild dogs may form packs and roam the streets.  Packs of dogs become more dangerous and in a collapse scenario, the prey they normally would feast on will be dwindling due to hungry humans hunting in large numbers.

Keep in mind that many dogs can run faster than you. Pull your gun and prepare to shoot as soon as you become aware of a strange dog in the area. The average person can run nearly 20 feet in the time it takes to pull your holstered gun and fire. Dogs run faster than people!

Always carry several weapon options including your firearm, pepper spray, a baton, or even a small stick.

If a Dog Attack is Inevitable

If your attempts to calm the dog are not working and the dog is bent on attacking you, then you will need to be prepared to defend yourself.  This is especially true for a dog that is clearly very hungry.  Look for any kind of weapon to put between the dog and you.  In a frenzied attack, a dog will bite just about anything.  Items you can try include a stick, backpack, book, rake, baseball bat, your knife, etc.  Pretty much anything you can put between you and the dog will work, including your purse or a trash can lid.

If you have nothing else, wrap one arm with a jacket or shirt to protect yourself and hold that arm up as you signal for help or retreat.  Target the throat, face, or eyes of a dog with your knife for maximum impact.  The best way to try to disable a dog quickly and prevent a serious bite or injury to yourself or a victim being attacked by a dog is to attack the throat, face, or jaw muscles.  If you carry a gun, aim for the head or face when firing a smaller caliber gun.  Only aim for the dog’s body if you carry a larger caliber gun.

Try to avoid ending up on the ground with the dog.  You have the advantage while you remain standing.  If you do end up on the ground, protect your throat and face by covering your head with your arms. Roll as quick as you can back and forth along the ground.  This should result in throwing the dog off of you and give you time to get to your feet.

If the dog continues to hang on even after you’ve rolled several times, aim for an eye socket with whatever you have, your thumb or any object will suffice.  Depending on how confident you are in the strength of your hands, you can also put both hands around the dog’s neck and attempt to cut off blood flow to the brain.  If you choose to try this, do not let up until you are positive the dog is dead or it could re-energize and continue attacking you.

Regardless of the type of dog, the best method for surviving a dog attack is prevention.  In a post-collapse scenario, try to avoid places where you have seen wild or feral dogs.  Stay close to camp or inside your home once it gets dusk and avoid going out at night if you can help it as that’s when feral dogs are more likely to be out.  Avoid any areas where trash has accumulated or is being stored.

It is possible to survive a dog attack if you stay alert and follow the precautions outlined for you above. Above all, stay calm, don’t scream, and signal for help if you can do so safely.  If possible back away slowly until the dog no longer seems interested or until you can get inside or get on top of a vehicle or into a tree.  If an attack seems inevitable, do what you can to minimize your injuries and prepare to fight the dogs with whatever resources you have.

Source:  https://www.survivalsullivan.com/shoo-survive-dog-attack/